The Apartheid is a law of South Africa that separates people into groups of Europeans, Colored, and Africans. For example, the Europeans can choose to live wherever they want, they can get any jobs, and they can go to any places they want. For Africans, they can only choose certain jobs which are being teachers, nurses, and doctors only for blacks, and they can only live in a community with other Africans. Africans can’t go to certain places like theaters, they can’t go to restaurants that are for Europeans only, and the Africans are separated in buses and trains. For the Colored, they are just like the Africans, except that their communities get more money from the government. That means they have better homes, education, roads, jobs, and more.
During the Apartheid, the government of South Africa uses a method called the pencil test which tells if you are either an African, or colored. The way it works is that the government put a pencil on top of an African. If it falls, the African is considered colored. But if it stays, the person is still considered an African. Many Africans used this method to change from being Africans, to being Colored. That way, their life will be a bit easier and better. Also, all Asians were Colored but Japanese were Europeans.